Surat AlaqThe Holy Quran (the guidance book for all Muslims) contains 114 Surah, some of them were revealed in Makkah and others in Madinah. Surat Alaq is one of those great Surahs that was revealed in Makkah on our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Surat Alaq is the first Surah that was revealed from the Holy Quran, consisting of 19 Verses.
Surat Alaq in Arabic:
بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم..
( اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ ( 1) خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ ( 2) اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ ( 3) الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ ( 4) عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ یَعْلَمْ ( 5) كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَیَطْغَى ( 6) أَنْ رَآهُ اسْتَغْنَى ( 7) إِنَّ إِلَى رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَى ( 8) أَرَأَیْتَ الَّذِي یَنْهَى ( 9) عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّى ( 10)أَرَأَیْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَى ( 11 ) أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَى ( 12 ) أَرَأَیْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّى ( 13) أَلَمْ یَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللهََّ یَرَى (14 ) كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ یَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعًا بِالنَّاصِیَةِ ( 15 ) نَاصِیَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍخَاطِئَةٍ ( 16 ) فَلْیَدْعُ نَادِیَهُ ( 17 ) سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِیَةَ ( 18 ) كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ(19)
Transliteration of Surat Alaq :1. Eqra’ bism rabia al lazi khalaq. 2. Khalaqa al insana min Alaq. 3. Eqra’ waraboka al akram. 4. Allazi allama bil qalam. 5. Allamal ensana malam ya’lam. 6. Kalla ennal ensana layatgha. 7. Arra’aho staghna. 8. Enna ela rabika arrog’a. 9. Ara’ata allazi yanha. 10. Abdan eza salla. 11. Ara’ayta en kana ala alhoda. 12. Aw amara betaqwa. 13. Ara’ayta en kazaba wa tawalla. 14. Alam ya’lam be annallaha yara. 15. Kalla laen lam yantahi lanasfa’an bennasyah. 16. Nasyaten kazibaten khateah. 17. Falyad’o nadyah. 18. Sanad’o azzabanyah. 19. Kalla la tote ho wasjod, waqtareb. Translation of Surat Alaq : 1. Recite in the name of your God who created, 2. Who has created the Mankind from a clinging substance. 3. Recite! And your God is the most generous, 4. Who has taught you by the pen, 5. He has taught the man what he didn’t know. 6. No! But the man transgresses. 7. As he saw himself self-sufficient. 8. To Allah is the return. 9. Did you see the man who forbids? 10. A servant when he prays? 11. Did you see if he is upon guidance? 12. Or commanded piety? 13. Did you see if he denies, and turns away-? 14. Did he not know that Allah sees? 15. If he doesn’t desist, we will drag him by the forelock. 16. Lying and sinning forelock. 17. So, let him call the associates! 18. We will call the angels of Hell. 19. Don’t obey him, but prostrate and get closer to Allah.
Simple explanation of Surah Alaq :At the beginning of the Surah, Allah Almighty has instructed His Noble Messenger to recite; as Allah is the one who created everything, and taught the man what he didn’t know. We knew that Surat Alaq is the first Surah that was revealed on our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in the cave of Hira, that was the first connection between Heaven and Earth.
In the Cave of Hira:1. The Wahi was revealed for the first time. 2. And Allah gave His Messenger the first perfect words of Him. In this Surah, Abu Jahl prohibited the Messenger from praying, so these Verses were revealed. Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said that: “These Verses were revealed when the Prophet (SAW) was praying, and Abu Jahl said to him,” Did I stop you from this?!, the Prophet became angry, so theses Verses were revealed,
بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم
“فَلْیَدْعُ نَادِیَهُ * سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِیَةَ * كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِب”Abo Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said:, “even if he calls the associates, the angels of Hell will take him.” The virtue of Surat Alaq lies in the importance of reading and learning; as Allah _who has created the whole World_ commanded us to read. It is important to know that Surat Alaq has clarified the beginning of human creation, that is a scientific miracle of the miracles of the Holy Quran. See More : Surah Ad Duha