Chapter 9/ The Five Daily Prayers 
The second pillar of Islam is salah. A Muslim must 
offer five fard prayers a day. 
Fard is an Arabic word which means compulsory. 
The fard prayers are compulsory prayers. 
No Muslim should avoid them or delay them, without a valid reason. 
The five daily prayers have the following rak’ahs. 
1 . Fajr Dawn prayer has two rak’ahs 
2 . Dhuhr Afternoon prayer has four rak’ahs 

  1. Asr Mid-afternoon prayer has four rak’ahs 


  1. Maghrib Sunset prayer has three rak’ahs 


  1. Isha Night prayer has four rak’ahs 

chapter 14 /
When the time of any of these prayers starts, you will 
hear the mu’adh-dhin in the masjid call out the 
★ A Muslim will then make wudhu and get ready 
for salah. 
★ Facing the qiblah, a Muslim makes the intention 
of the prayer he is going to perform. 
★ He raises his hands to the level of his ears or his 
shoulders and says: 

Allaahu Akbar  
Allah is Most Great 
★ His prayer (salah) has started. His first rak’ah has 
A rak’ah: 
what is a rak’ah? 
A rak’ah is a set of recitations and movements. 
Chapter 14/ The Five Daily Prayers 
A rak’ah consists of the following things: 
— Recitation of Surat al-Fatihah while standing. 
— Recitation of another surah (in the first two 
— Ruku’: Bowing (while holding both the knees) 
— Rising and standing straight from bowing 
Sujud: Prostration – done twice (putting hands, 
forehead and nose, knees and toes on the 
You will learn in detail how each part of the rak’ah is 
done later! 
chapter 14/ five Daily Prayers 

  1. Unscramble. 

Unscramble the names of the prayers, and write the 
number of rak’ahs in each one of them: 

  1. Maghrib

has three 

  1. Duhr

has 4

  1. Al-A’sr

has 4

  1. Fajr 

has 2

  1. Ishaa’

has 4

  1. Match the prayer (salah) to the time when it is prayed. 

The birth of the Prophet ( ) 
Prophet Muhammad ( ^ ) was born in Makkah on 
Monday, Rabee’ al-Awwal, in the Year of the 
Elephant. It was the year 570 according to the 
Christian calendar. Prophet Muhammad ( ) was 
born 50 days after the event of the Year of the 
What is the Year of the Elephant? The Arabs before Islam, of course, had no calendar. They counted the days and months but they did not number their years. Instead, they would only give each year a name after some special event which happened during that year. 
The year in which Allah’s Messenger ( 3jj| ) was born something very remarkable happened. 
An Ethiopian ruler named Abraha was ruling Yemen at that time. He was angry because many people went to Makkah every year to visit the Ka’bah. 
Along with them, they took all their business and trade there. 
Abraha became jealous. He wanted people to come to his city instead. So he decided to build a 
big churct in San’aa. He hoped that people would visit his church and stop visiting the Ka’bah. 
Abraha built a splendid arch in San’aa, but the people did not come to his church. They continued 
to visit the 
Abraha needed no further excuse. He set out for 
Makkah with a large army to tear down the 
Ka’bah. At the front of the army, he placed an 
elephant. No one in Vlakkah had ever seen an elephant before. 
Abraha was not far from Makkah when the elephant stopped and It wouldn’t move any further. Abraha’s large army also stopped. 
At this point, a miracle happened. The Qur’an tells us 
its story, and you will learn about it in detail later, 
Inshaa Allah. 
Since then this year was called the Year of the 
Elephant. It was the year Allah’s Messenger ) was born
Chapter 15 
Prophet Muhammad it (1) 
The Year of the 
The elephant was 
the year 
was ruling Yemen 
at that time. 
Abraha was angry 
1 love me 
Prophet ( ) 
Muhammad ) 
was born on a 
570 according to 
the Christian 
because of people 
visited Makkah 

  1. Fill in the gaps. 

C = 
1. At the front of the army, Abraha put an 

  1. Abraha wanted to break them down. 


  1. Abraha built a splendid in Sana’a. 


  1. Join the dots and then color in the word. 


Prophet Muhammad M (2) 
Prophet’s mother’s name was Aminah bint Wahb. 
She belonged to a noble family of a tribe called 
The Prophet’s father’s name was Abdullah and his grandfather’s name was Abdul-Muttalib. They also belonged to the Quraysh tribe. A few months before the birth of Prophet Muhammad (Ji), his father Abdullah had gone to Syria with a trade caravan. On his return, he fell sick. He stayed in 
Yathrib (Madinah) for a while hoping to get better before he went back to Makkah. But sadly he could not reach Makkah. He died in Madinah months before the birth of his son. Abdullah was only 25 
years old when he died. 
Prophet Muhammad M (2) 
When his mother Aminah gave birth to him, his 
grandfather Abdul-Muttalib named him 
Muhammad. Abdul-Muttalib hoped that his grandson would be praised and respected by everyone in the world. 

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