Allaah has prescribed acts of worship and assigned them to his Muslim slaves, and has made worship one of the purposes of God’s creation for His creation, as stated in the verse:
(وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ)
Perhaps for the sake of worship, the most important and the most influential impact on Muslims gathered in different parts of the earth of different races and colors and languages and their homes: worship of Hajj, which attracts the able-bodied Muslims to perform in the specific months of the year, seeking the House of God and holy sites.
*The definition of Hajj and its ruling :
Hajj in the language is derived from the حجج ( Hajaj ), Haa’ and Jeem doubled by reference to the origins of four, the first is Al-Hejah which means a year, and the words of God as stated in the story of Musa ( peace be upon him ) :
(قَالَ إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُنكِحَكَ إِحْدَى ابْنَتَيَّ هَاتَيْنِ عَلَىٰ أَن تَأْجُرَنِي ثَمَانِيَ حِجَجٍ ۖ فَإِنْ أَتْمَمْتَ عَشْرًا فَمِنْ عِندِكَ)
The second is the Hajjaj, which is the round bone that is around the eyes, and the third is the Hajajah, ie, the recidivism, and the fourth is the intention, and the Hajj to the Sacred House of Allaah.
As for the Hajj in the jurisprudence, it is the intention of the Holy House of God and the holy feelings, in the known months, to perform specific works according to specific conditions. These acts according to the majority of jurists are to stand at Arafah and orbit around the Sacred House and seek between Safa and Marwa.
(الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَّعْلُومَاتٌ ۚ فَمَن فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلَا رَفَثَ وَلَا فُسُوقَ وَلَا جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ ۗ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّهُ ۗ وَتَزَوَّدُوا فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَىٰ ۚ وَاتَّقُونِ يَا أُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ)
Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam, and it is obligatory for every Muslim who is able to afford it, and the texts that are included in it are many, including the saying of Allah:
(وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ)
The consensus is that Hajj is imposed on a capable Muslim and that denying it and denying it is considered an infidel because denying it is necessarily known from the religion.
*Explain the rituals of Hajj
Before embarking on the details of the Hajj, it is necessary to show that the pilgrim, when he comes out to Hajj purposely, has to choose and determine the type of ascetic that he chooses and forbids it.
There are three types of Hajj which the Muslim must choose one from them when he is doing Hajj,
These types are:
Is to deprive the pilgrim for Umrah alone in the months of Hajj, if he arrived in Makkah, toured the sacred house and sought between Safa and Marwa, and analyzed from his ihram, and then returned to renew his ihraam on the eighth day of the month of Ze Al-Hijjah from his place.
-Hajj of the Quraan:
It is to pilgrim for ‘Umrah and Hajj together and to be tied between them.
-Hajj of individuals:
Ihram for Hajj only.
On the eighth day of the month of Ze Al-Hijjah, the day known as the day of al-Tarawiyyah, it is renewed by those who were pilgrims or those who were from the people of Makkah, Ihram and they all go out to Mina to stay there.
They perform the prayers of Dhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib and’ Isha ‘and the Fajr of the ninth day.
On the ninth day of Ze Al-Hijjah, on the day of ‘Arafah, the pilgrims went to Mount Arafa to prepare for it.
It is permissible to stand in ‘Arafah only after the sun has gone out – ie, entering the time of Dhuhr – and performing the prayers of Dhuhr and ‘Asr.
Then he stands at Arafah, busy with du’aa’, masculinity, and the invocation of Allaah, until the sunset of this day.
If the sun goes down, the pilgrims begin to go to Muzdalifah, and they arrive at Maghrib and’ Isha ‘to gather them delay.
And they arrive in it also in the tenth day of Ze Al-Hijjah.
It is desirable for pilgrims to pick up the Jamarat and gather them from Muzdalifah, in preparation for throwing them on the tenth day of Ze Al-Hijjah.
On the tenth day of Ze Al-Hijjah, the day known as the Day of Sacrifice, in which the most important acts of Hajj are performed, pilgrims go to Mina and throw stones at Aqaba or the Great Jamra.
They throw seven stones in this Jamra and saying Allahu Akbar when each pebble is thrown.
And then they slaughter the sacrifice, and slaughter is a duty in the right of the beneficiary and it is a Sunna in the right of the single pilgrim, and the pilgrims will be allowed the first allow or the smaller allow which makes them shave and shorten, and they will be allowed to do what was previously forbidden to them, except for hypocrisy and intercourse.
They then go to Makkah to perform Tawaf al-Ifadah, also called the tawaaf of the visit, and seek between Safa and Marwa who did not seek from them at the first arrival of Mecca, and then they will be allowed the second allow or the largest allow which allows them all that was forbidden to them.
On the eleventh and twelfth days of Ze Al-Hijjah or what is known as the second and third days of the Sacrifice, or the first and second days of Tashreeq, the pilgrims in these two days stay in Mina, and the overnight stay on these two days is obligatory for the majority of jurists of these two days, and they throw 3 Jamrat in everyday of these two days, and it is : the first or minor Jamra, the second or middle Jamra, and the third Jamra, known as the Great Jamra or the Jamra of Aqaba, each of these seven pebbles is to be thrown in each of the seven stones.
This is repeated in the same three Jamrat on the thirteenth day of Ze Al-Hijjah the third Day of Tashreeq who was not a hasty pilgrims, and who is hasty and left Mina after throwing stones on the second day of the days of Tashreeq there is no sin and nothing wrong, according to the evidence of God Almighty:
(وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْدُودَاتٍ ۚ فَمَن تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلَا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَن تَأَخَّرَ فَلَا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ ۚ لِمَنِ اتَّقَىٰ ۗ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ)
After that, the pilgrims are left to return to Mecca to perform the farewell tawaaf, so that the last thing the pilgrim do is the tawaaf around the Sacred House of Allah.