َّبِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ لِإِيلَافِ قُرَيْشٍ (1) إِيلَافِهِمْ رِحْلَةَ الشِّتَاءِ وَالصَّيْفِ (2) فَلْيَعْبُدُوا رَبَّ هَذَا الْبَيْتِ (3) الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُمْ مِنْ جُوعٍ وَآمَنَهُمْ مِنْ خَوْفٍ Introduction:Surah Quraish was revealed on our beloved ProphetMuhammad (SAW) in Mecca befor Hijrah of our belovedProphet Muhammad (SAW).It consists of 4 verses talking about Quraish (the onlySurah in the Holy Quran that talks about Quraish).The Holy Quran contains 114 Surah, and Surah Quraish isthe 106th one of them.
What is the cause of naming this Surah with“Surah Quraish”?
It is the only Surah in the Holy Quran that talks about theQuraish tribe.Surah Quraish is the other name for this Surah, as it isalso named Iilaf Quraish.“Ilafi Quraish” is an Arabic word which means theblessings that Allah has blessed to the Quraish tribe.Surah Quraish transliteration:1. Lilaf Quraish.2. Il Fehem rihlat shitaa’y wasaif.3. Falya’bodo raba hadhal bait.4. Alladhy atamahom men goo’en wa amanahom menkhawf.
Surah Quraish translation_Sahih international:
1. For the usual security of the Quraish tribe.2. They used to make caravans, in winter and summer.3. They have to worship the Lord of this house.4. The Lord who has fed them, protected them fromhunger, and from fear.Simple explanation of Surah Quraish:This Surah is highly related to Surah Al Fil, as theElephant owners _who wanted to knock down the Kaaba_are linked to this Surah.Muhammad ibn Ishaq, and Abdullah Ibn Zayd Ibn Aslamsaid, Surah Quraish is related to Surah Al Fil, and therewas “Bimellahi ar Rahmani Ar Raheem” between them.The Quraish tribe used to make 2 caravans, (one caravanwas in winter to Yemen, and the other one was in summerto Sham) in order to trade and gain regularly.After making these 2 caravans they return to their tribesafely, and all people respected them, this is one of theblessings that Allah has blessed them with.For this blessing, they have to worship Allah, thank Himfor His blessings, and not to take a God but Allah.Allah also protected them against hunger, and fear, sothey have to admit, and thank to Allah.Good life, and sustenance are the most important goodblessings from Allah in this life, so He has to be thankedfor this.The Messenger of Allah Muhammad (SAW) said this
Hadith confirming the blessings of Quraish:
ً إن االله فضل قریشا بسبع خصال لم یعطها أحد ً ا قبلهم ولا یعطیها أحدا بعدهم وهي:”أن الخلافة فیهم، و إن الحجابة فیهم، وإن السقایة فیهم، وإن النبوة فیهم، ونصرواعلى الفیل، وعبدوا االله سبع سنین لم یعبده أحد غیرهم، ونزلت فیهم سورة لم یذكر“فیها أحد غیرهم: “لإیلاف قریشThis Holy Hadith illustrates 7 blessings for Quraish thathaven’t given to any other, and these blessings are:They have succession, hjaba, they used to water Pilgrims,they have Prophecy, Allah blessed them on the Elephant,the only who worshipped Allah for 7 years, and Allah hasdedicated them with a specific Surah which is “SurahQuraish”.
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