Surah ِAl Kawthar and the cause of its name
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ (1) فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ (2) إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ (3)
Introduction:Surah Kawthar is the shortest Surah of the Holy Quran, consisting of 3 verses. It is the 108th Surah of the 114 Surah of the Holy Quran. Surah Kawthar was revealed in Mecca before Surah Al Adiyat, and after Al Takathur.
Surah Kawthar transliteration:1. Enna a’taynaka Kawthar. 2. Fasali lirabika wanhar. 3. Enna shani’aka hewa al abtar.
Surah Kawthar translation_Sahaih international:1. O Muhammad, We gave You Al Kawthar. 2. So, pray for Allah, and sacrifice. 3. O Muhammad,There will be no existence (or preservation for their names) for the people who hate you.
Name:Kawthar is the name of one of the Paradise rivers. Allah granted this River to His Messenger Muhammad (SAW), His nation will drink from it, and will never feel thirst after it. This is the cause of this name.
Related Ahadith for Surah Kawthar:One of the Prophet (SAW) companions (Anas Ibn Malek) said : “one day our Prophet (SAW) was sitting among us, He took a nap, then He raised up His head with a smile, we said “what made You laugh?”, He replied “A Surah إنا أعطیناك الكوثر فصل لربك وانحر إن ) recited and, me to revealed الأبتر هو شانئك, He said “Do you know what is Al Kawthar?”, They replied “only Allah and His Prophet know”, He said “it is a River that Allah promised Me, it carries goodness a lot, my nation comes to drink from it, the number of its vessels equals to the Number of the Stars in the Sky, and I will say O Allah! he is one of my nation! Allah will reply, “You Don’t know what he did after You.”
Simple explanation of Surah Kawthar:1.O Muhammad, We gave You Kawthar. As we said before, Al Kawthar is a River in Jannah as said by the beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW): “Al Kawthar is a river in Jannah, having Golden edges, its riverbed consists of pearls and Rubies, its water is sweeter than the Honey,and its color is whiter than snow.” “Al Kawthar” as a word means “the great”, and the river of Al Kawthar has its own greatness. 2. So, pray for Allah, and sacrifice. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) used to sacrifice then pray, for this reason Allah has revealed this verse in order to command His Messenger to pray first then sacrifice. 3.O Muhammad, There will be no existence for the people who hate you. This verse was revealed by Allah to support His Messenger when He felt gloating from the Polytheists at the death of His male children. The greatness of this Surah is due to support From Allah to His, Messenger to tell Him that His name will be mentioned throughout the ages till the day of Judgement. The evidence for the God’s promise is the verse in Surah Al Sharh:
ورفعنا لك ذكركWhich means that Allah Almighty will preserve His name See More : Surah Kahf and its benefits