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ٍSurat Al-Teen

This surah of eight verses was revealed in Makkah and takes its title from the first word ‘At-Teen’ which means fig. Allah swears by these four things and says that He created man in the finest mould. The fig and the olive are well known fruits. The fig and the olive offer an example of wholesome health-giving fruits. Mount Sinai is the place where Allah spoke to Prophet Musa , and the ‘Safe Land’ is Makkah, where the Qur’an was first revealed. Allah then says that He created man in the best image and form. He then reduced him to the lowest of the low; that is, Hellfire. After this attractiveness and beauty, the destination of those who dis- obeyed Allah will be Hellfire. However, those who believe in Allah and follow His guidance will not be among them; rather, they will have a reward without end. Some scholars said that ‘ the lowest of the low’ also means old age. This surah ends by asking about that which causes people to deny the Final Judgement. It is a fact that many of the worst criminals are not caught or punished in this life. Likewise, many God-fearing people who do their best in this life are not rewarded. Allah will surely hand out exact jus- tice to His creatures in the end! Is Allah not the Best of judges? This means Allah the Almighty is indeed the best of judges Who does not do any injustice to anyone. It is in absolute Justice that He will establish the Day of Judgement, and He will then reward the good people and punish the evil ones. Exercise B. Answer these questions. 1 . What are the four things by which Allah the Almighty swears in Surat at-Teen? 2. What does the ‘Safe Land’ in the surah mean? C. Memorisation Learn this surah by heart. Al-Qadr In the name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful. 1 . Truly, We sent it (the Qur’an) down on the Night of al-Qadr. 2. And what will make you understand what the Night of al-Qadr is! 3. The Night of al-Qadr is better than a thousand months. 4. In it, the angels and the Ruh descend by the permission of their Lord with decrees. 5. It is peace until the coming of the dawn. Allah tells us that He sent down the Qur’an during Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Decree), which is a blessed night. Laylat al-Qadr occurs during the month of Ramadan. Allah sent down the entire Qur’an from al-Lawh al-Mahfoodh (The Preserved Tablet) to the House of Might (Baitul-‘lzzah), which is in the lowest heaven. Then it came down in parts to the Prophet Muhammad () according to the incidents that occurred over a period of twenty-three years. The Prophet () mentioned that the Night of Decree falls on one of the odd-numbered nights of the last third of Ramadan (21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th). During these last ten days, Allah’s Messenger ( ) and his companions used to spend all of their time in the mosque in seclusion (I’tikaaf). They used to pray and recite the Qur’an and waited anxiously for this special night on which the angels come down to the earth with Allah’s Commands. The angels descend during this night because of its great blessings. They come down with blessings and mercy. The Ruh in the verse means Angel Jibreel Some scholars said that during this night, all matters are decided, and the times of death and provisions are also decided during it. The Prophet ( 5$| ) once mentioned that there is a night in Ramadan which is better than a thousand months, and that whoever is deprived of its good he has truly been deprived. He also once said, “Whoever stands (in prayer) during the Night of al-Qadr with faith and expecting reward (from Allah), he will be forgiven for his previous Sins.” (Muslim) There is peace on this night because Satan cannot do any evil or harm until the coming of dawn. Exercises A.Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 1 . Laylat al-Qadr occurs during the month of 2. It is one of the nights of Ramadan. 3. The Qur’an came down in parts to the Prophet Muhammad () according to the incidents that occurred over a period of years. 4. The word Ruh in this surah means 5. The Night of al-Qadr is better than months B. Answer these questions. 1 . What is Laylat al Qadr? 2. What did the Messenger () and his companions do during the last ten nights of Ramadan? C. Memorisation Learn this surah by heart. Surat az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake) In the Name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful 1 . When the earth is shaken with a great quake, 2. And the earth gives up its burdens, 3. And man exclaims, “What is the matter with it?” 4. On that Day it will report its news, 5. Because your Lord will inspire it. 6. On that Day people will proceed in scattered groups to be shown their actions, 7. So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it, 8. And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it. This surah of eight verses was revealed in Makkah. It gives a powerful vision of the fearful events of the Day of Judgement when all men will be gathered together to reap the fruit of their deeds. The great earthquake of the Day of Judgement will shake the earth over and over again. The earth will throw out its treasures and the dead. All the people who ever lived since the time of Prophet Adam ( ) will be brought to life again. People at first will be in shock. They will be confused and amazed to find themselves awakened. They will wonder, “What is happening? What is wrong with the earth?” Allah the Almighty will command the earth to speak about the actions people did on it in this life. People’s own tongues, hands and feet, eyes and ears, and even their skins will also speak out about the deeds they committed with them. The reckoning will be so accurate that an atom’s weight of actions will be counted on that terrible day. “On that day people will proceed in scattered groups to be shown their actions”. This means that they will be divided into different groups, some will be happy while others will be miserable; some will be sent to Paradise, while others will be sent to Hellfire. The separation of people into the Company of the Right Hand, the Company of the Left Hand, or the Companions of the Garden, and the Companions of the Fire, the good-doers and the evildoers is an example of these groupings. Exercises A. Complete the following sentences. 1 . The earth will be shaken with a great 2 . On that day it will its news, because your will inspire it. 3. On that day people will proceed in shown their to be B. Answer these questions. 1 .What will the state of people on the Day of Judgement be? 2. Where was this surah revealed? 3. How are you preparing yourself for that dreadful day? 4. According to what will people be divided on the Day of Judgement? C. Memorisation Learn this surah by heart.

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