Hadith on Orphans

Hadith on Orphans will give us a complete picture on Orphans in Islam and how to treat them. To understand Hadith on Orphans one has to know the meaning of Orphans is Islam.

What is the meaning of Orphans in Islam?

An orphan in language means being alone, and an orphan who has lost his father. If someone loses both of his father and mother, he is also considered an Orphan, an example of this is our beloved Prophet (SAW). All of us know that Losing a father is very difficult for children.

What should we do to Orphans?

As Muslims, we know that caring for Orphans is an an important part of Islam, and their mistreatment is a major sin. 1. We have to support Orphans: Allah Almighty said in the Holy Quran in Surah Al Baqarah:

يَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ ۖ قُلْ مَا أَنفَقْتُم مِّنْ خَيْرٍ فَلِلْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ ۗ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ


Its translation is:

‘They ask you, [O Muhammad], what they should spend [in charity]. Say, “Whatever you spend of good is [to be] for parents and relatives and orphans and the needy and the traveller. And whatever you do of good – indeed, Allah is Knowing of it.”’ Al Baqarah: 215 We must know that our help to Orphans is not a blessing from us, but it is their right. 2. Give them the right to dignity: All of us have to honor and respect orphans, as said by Allah in His great book:

بسم االله الرحمن الرحيم

( فأما اليتيم فلا تقهر )

This great verse in English:

No! But you do not honour the orphan… Orphans, like the rest of humanity, deserve a normal life full of respect and love. 3. Allah told us in His Noble Book that He who doesn’t honor an Orphan will not be a believer. In Surah Al Maun Allah (SWT) said:  

{أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يُكَذِّبُ بِالدِّينِ (1) فَذَٰلِكَ الَّذِي يَدُعُّ الْيَتِيمَ (2) وَلَا يَحُضُّ عَلَىٰ طَعَامِ الْمِسْكِينِ (3) فَوَيْلٌ لِّلْمُصَلِّينَ (4) الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَن صَلَاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ (5) الَّذِينَ هُمْ يُرَاءُونَ (6) وَيَمْنَعُونَ الْمَاعُونَ (7)} [الماعون ]

The translation of this Verse is:


‘Have you seen the one who denies the Recompense [the

religion]? For that is the one who drives away the orphan’.

4. Allah Almighty and His Messenger Muhammad

(SAW) have emphasized the importance of caring for

and respecting an Orphan to win Paradise.


Now it is time to have an example of Hadith on Orphans to learn more about their rights.

Hadith on Orphans:

We knew the meaning of Orphans In Islam, and some of their rights, now we have to know Hadith on Orphans.

عن سهل بن سعد قال: قال رسول االله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أنا وكافل الیتیم في الجنة هكذا وأشار بالسبابة والوسطى وفرج بینهما.

  The translation of this Hadith is: ‘The Prophet (saw) said, “The one who cares for an orphan and myself will be together in Paradise like this,“and he (saw) held his two fingers together to illustrate’. [Bukhari]. Simple explanation of the Hadith is: In order to be companions of the Prophet (SAW) on the day of Resurrection, we must follow His orders. The prophet Muhammad (SAW) used to respect and honor the Orphan. The Prophet (SAW) has promised us paradise if we sponsor the Orphan, take care of him, and give him what he needs. It is very important to say that Orphans aren’t only mentioned in Hadiths, but they are also mentioned more than 22 times in the Holy Quran. As an example of Orphans in the Holy Quran is this great Verse:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ أَمْوَالَ الْيَتَامَىٰ ظُلْمًا إِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُونَ فِي بُطُونِهِمْ نَارًا ۖ وَسَيَصْلَوْنَ سَعِيرًا (10)

Which means that: Those who eat the money of Orphans, it will be as a fire in their stomachs.   See More : Hadith about women

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