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Studying the Battles of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is of great importance. ‘Ali Ibn Al￾Husain (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “We used to teach the Battles of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) equally, as we used to teach the Surah of the Glorious Qur’an.” Az-Zuhair, likewise, said, “In studying the Battles (of the Prophet) lies the knowledge of this world as well as the Hereafter.” Mu’ Amar narrated that Az-Zuhair said, “After the migration of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to Madinah, the first Qur’anic verse revealed regarding fighting in the way of Allah, Most High, was, To those against whom war is made, permission is given to fight, because they are wronged, and verily Allah is Most Powerful for their aid. (Al-Hajj: 39) Then, the first Battle the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) fought was Badr on Friday, 1I Ramadan, 2 AH; then Banu An-Nadir; then Uhud (3 AH); then Khaibar (6 AH); then the conquest of Makkah (8 AH); and then Hunain (8 AH). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) launched 11 Battles in which he did not set out with the fighters, those Battles are: Al-Abwa’ (the First Battle of the Prophet), Al-Aashirah, Ghatfan, Banu Sulaim, Al￾Abwat, the first Badr, At-Ta’if, Al-Hudaibiyyah, As-Safra’, and Tabuk. According to Al-Bukhari, Ibn Ishaq said, ‘The First Battle the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) fought was the Battle of Al-Abwa’; then Buwat; and then Al- ‘Ashira.” Al-Bukhari narrated also on the authority of Abu Ishaq who said, “Once, I was sitting beside Zaid Ibn Al-Arqam, he was asked, ‘How many Battles did the Prophet undertake?’ Zaid replied, ‘Nineteen.’ They said, “In how many Battles did
you join him?’ He replied, ‘Seventeen.’ I asked, ‘Which of these was the first?’ He replied, ‘Al-‘Ashira or Al- Ashirau.'” Buraida narrated that he fought sixteen Battles with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). In his Sahih, Muslim narrated that Buraida said that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) undertook nineteen Battles and participated in fighting in eight Battles. Moreover, Buraida said that his father narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) undertook seventeen Battles and participated in fighting in eight Battles: Badr, Uhud, Al-Ahzab, Al-Murais’, Qadid, Khaibar, the conquest of Makka.

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