Adhan (The Call to Prayer) 


Adhan definition

is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by the muezzin at prescribed times of the day. The root of the word is ʾadhina أَذِنَ meaning “to listen, to hear, be informed about”. Another derivative of this word is ʾudhun (أُذُن), meaning “ear”.
Adhan is called out by a muezzin from the mosque five times a day, a whole day long in the event of religious holidays

The wording of the adhan is: 

Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar 
Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great 
Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar 
Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great 
ash-hadu allaa ilaaha illallaah 
I testify that there is no god but Allah 
ash-hadu Allah ilaaha illallaah 
I testify that there is no god but Allah 
ash-hadu anna Muhammad-Rasoolullah 
I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah 
ash-hadu anna muhammadar-rasoolullaah 
I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah 
hayya alassalaah , hayya alassalaah 
Hasten to the Prayer, hasten to the prayer 
hayya alal falaah , hayya alal falaah 
Hasten to success, hasten to success 
Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar 
Allah is Most Great, Allah Is Most Great 
La ilaaha illallaah 
There is no god but Allah 

  1. The mu’adh-dhin calls out the five times a day. 

Muslims then come together to offer 

  1. When you hear the adhan you should prepare yourself for 


  1. Memorize: Learn the wording of the adhan by heart. 

The Tashahhud 
The Prophet () would teach his companions the 
tashahhud the way he taught them a surah from the 
Qur’an. He taught a number of variations of 
tashahhud, and the following is one of them: 
At-tahiyyootu lillaahi, wassalawaatu wattayyibaat; 
assalaamu ‘alaika ayyuhan-nabiyyu wa 
rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh. Assalaamu ‘alainaa 
wa ‘alaa ‘ibaadillaahis-saaliheen, ash-hadu allaa 
ilaaha illallaah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasooluh 
All good wishes, prayers and good words ore for Allah. May 
peace be on you, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and His 
blessings. May peace be on us and on all of Allah’s righteous 
servants. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah, 
and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His 
The Prayer on the Prophet () 
The following is one of the forms of invoking the 
prayer on the Prophet () before concluding the 
Allaahumma salli ‘alaa Muhammad, wa ‘ alaa aall 
Muhammad, kamaa sallaita ‘alaa Ibraaheem, wa 
‘alaa aall Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed. 
Allaahumma baarik ‘alaa Muhammad, wa ‘alaa 
aall Muhammad, kamaa baarakta ‘alaa 
Ibraaheem, wa ‘alaa aal Ibraaheem, innaka 
hameedun majeed 
Allah, bestow Your favour on Muhammad and his family as 
You have bestowed Your favour on Ibraaheem and his family. 
Verily, You are the Most Praised and Glorious. O Allah, bless 
Muhammad and his family, as You have blessed Ibraaheem 
and his family. Verily, You are Most Praised and Glorious. 

  1. Memorize. 

1 . Learn all the various du’aas mentioned in the chapter by 

  1. Offer two rak’ahs in front of your teacher, reciting all the 

du’aas loudly so the teacher can make sure you have 
learnt them correctly and are saying them the correct 
number of times and at the right places. 
Dhikr and Du’aa 
Dhikr is an Arabic word. It means remembrance. 
Dhikr is generally used to mean remembrance of 
Du’aa is also an Arabic word which means 
supplication or humble request. In other words, it is 
asking Allah for something. Du’aa, in fact, is an act of 
We should make every kind of du’aa to Allah only. 
Allah says, 
“Invoke Me and I will answer you.” 
Allah commands us over and over again to remember 
Him and His favours on us. 
Du’aa is the ‘marrow’ of worship. The marrow of 
something is the most important and basic part of it. 
Du’aa is very essential for man’s relationship with Allah. 
It is therefore best to make du’aa as often as possible 
on every occasion in our daily lives. 
Allah’s Messenger () taught us many beautiful 
du’aas for various occasions. We must learn these 
du’aas by heart and recite them at every moment of 
our life. 
Dhikr: Remembrance of Allah 
Allah is our Creator. Everything we have is given to 
us by Allah. We have nothing of our own. Allah has 
given us everything that we have. Every gift is from 
Allah: our eyes, ears, tongues, legs and hands. 
We should be thankful to Him for these gifts. We 
should love Him above all things. We should worship 
Him alone. 
We can worship Him by remembering Him. But 
how? This is shown to us by Allah’s Messenger (). 
Each one of us should learn the following expressions 
and say them sincerely. 
Subhaan-Allaah, wal-Hamdu lillaah, wa laa ilaaha 
illallaah walloahu akbar 
Glory be to Allah, oil praise is due to Allah, there is no god 
except Allah and Allah is Most Great 
If we say these expressions from the heart, we can get closer to Allah.
No name is greater than Allah’s Name. 
Du’aa: Supplication 
Supplication is a prayer or a humble request to 
Allah for help. Du’aa is a great tool in the hands of a 
Muslim. It is the strength of a Muslim. We may 
supplicate to Allah in our own words; but it is better to 
use du’aas taught by Allah’s Messenger ($£). Indeed, 
he taught us supplications for every occasion. You 
should learn them all and say them at every moment 
in your life. 
When you wake up in the morning say: 
Al-Hamdu lillahilladhee ahyaana ba’da maa 
amaatanaa wa ilaihin-Nushoor 
All praise is for Allah Who has brought us to life after causing 
us to die, and to Him is the Resurrection 
Before you go to the toilet say: Bismillaah. Allaahumma innee a’oodhu bika minal- Khubuthi wal-Khaboa’ith 
In the name of Allah. Allah, I seek protection in You from 
the male and female devils 
When you come out of the toilet after relieving yourself 
I seek Your forgiveness, (Allah). 
When you go out of the house say: 
Bismillaah, tawakkaltu alallaah, wa laa hawla wa 
laa quwwata illaa billaah 
In the name of Allah; I place my trust in Allah, and there is 
neither power, nor might except with Allah 
When you get into the car (or use any means of 
transport) say: 
Subhaanalladhee sakh-khara lanaa haadhaa wa 
maa kunnaa lahu muqrineen, wa innaa ilaa 
Rabbinaa lamunqaliboon. 
Glorified and Exalted is He Who has subjected this to us, and 
we could not have otherwise subdued it ourselves, and to 
our Lord we will surely return. 
When you enter a masjid say: 
Bismillaah, wassalaatu wassalaamu ’ala rosoolillah. 
Allaahummaftah lee abwaaba rahmatik 
In the name of Allah and prayers and peace be upon Allah’s 
Messenger. O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me 
When you go out of the masjid after completing your 
prayer say: 
Bismillaah, wassalaatu wassalaamu ‘alaa 
Allaahumma innee as’aluka min fadlik 
In the name of Allah and prayers and peace be upon Allah’s 
Allah, I ask You of Your Bounty 
When you sneeze say: 
Al-Hamdu lillaah 
All praise is for Allah 
When you hear someone saying : Al-Hamdu lillaah , after sneezing
say in reply: 
May Allah have mercy on you 
When you go to bed say: 
Bismik-Allaahumma amootu wa ahyaa 
In Your name, O Allah, I die and I live. 
When you wake up from sleep say: 
Al-Hamdu lillaahilladhee ahyaanaa bo’da maa 
amaatanaa wa ilaihin-Nushoor 
All praise is for Allah Who has brought us to life after causing 
us to die, and to Him is the Resurrection 

  1. Questions. 

1 . What does the Arabic word dhikr mean? 

  1. What does the Arabic word du’aa mean? 


  1. Who should Muslims make du’aa to? 


  1. Du’aa helps us remember Allah all the time. We should 

make du’aa as often as possible on every occasion in our 
lives. Can you mention at least 1 1 of these occasions? Can 
you think of more? 
Check :
Complete : 
1 . Everything we have is a gift from        and it belongs to Him. 

  1. If we do dhikr from the heart, we can get               to Allah. 


  1. The                      taught us many du’aas. 


  1. We can make du’aa to Allah in our own 


  1. Allah says, “Invoke Me and I will             you.” 


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Open chat
Rattil Online
Alsalmu Alikom Welcome to our site
Get 50% Off upon subscribing in any course of your choice at RattilOnline for the first month
jazak Allah khayra